FEITELIJK LEIDINGGEVEN

Feitelijk leidinggeven aan een door een rechtspersoon begaan strafbaar feit

De Hoge Raad (ECLI:NL:HR:2016:733) heeft vandaag een belangrijke uitspraak gedaan wat betreft de strafrechtelijke aansprakelijkheid van degene die feitelijk leiding heeft gegeven aan een door een rechtspersoon gepleegd strafbaar feit.

3.1.1. In deze zaak staat in enkele middelen het feitelijke leidinggeven aan een door een rechtspersoon begaan strafbaar feit centraal. Dat gecompliceerde thema is in recente rechtspraak weinig aan bod gekomen. De Hoge Raad zal daarom hierna, mede aan de hand van zijn eerdere rechtspraak, enkele opmerkingen maken over de strafrechtelijke aansprakelijkheid voor het “feitelijke leidinggeven” aan een door een rechtspersoon …
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26
Apr 2016
CATEGORY

Legal

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CHAMBERS GLOBAL 2016 LEGAL RANKINGS RELEASED

Karel Frielink ranked Band 1 again

Once again I have been selected as a ranked lawyer in Chambers Global 2016 identifying me as one of the best lawyers in the Dutch Caribbean (click here).

The Chambers Guides have been ranking the best law firms and lawyers since 1990, and now cover 185 jurisdictions throughout the world. Chambers ranks lawyers and law firms on several factors and considerations, all of which are investigated by their large team of more than 140 researchers. Today, Chambers and Partners released the 2016 edition, also covering the Dutch Caribbean.

Individual lawyers are …
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17
Mar 2016
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Legal

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$1.3 BILLION SETTLEMENT OF FORTIS INVESTOR ACTIONS

Interesting post by Kevin LaCroix (The D&O Diary)

“In what is by far the largest investor settlement ever under the Dutch collective settlement procedures, several shareholder foundations have reached an agreement to settle the Fortis shareholder claims for a total of €1.204 billion ($1.3 billion).

The shareholder foundations’ settlement with Ageas, as Fortis is now known, relates to Fortis’s ill-fated October 2007 participation in the ABN AMRO acquisition just before the global financial crisis. Under a parallel settlement, €290 million ($313 million) of the shareholder settlement will be funded by Fortis’s D&O insurers. The shareholder settlement is subject to the …
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15
Mar 2016
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Legal

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PRELIMINARY RELIEF PROCEEDINGS

When a case needs an urgent decision

The procedure for provisional measures in summary proceedings (kort geding), a.k.a. preliminary relief proceedings or interlocutory proceedings, is an interim injunction procedure before the court. Such proceedings, under Dutch Caribbean law, are aimed at obtaining temporary instructions from the court, not at receiving a final decision in the case.

These proceedings are characterized by their more or less summary character and their relatively quick nature. There is a clear relationship to a procedure on the merits, which always may be instituted and sometimes even must be followed. Provisional measures that are prescribed in …
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11
Mar 2016
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Legal

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THE BINDING EFFECT OF JUDGMENTS

Limited to the parties involved in the proceedings

Court decisions, even decisions by the Dutch Supreme Court, are not binding on courts when deciding future cases. However, the Code of Civil Procedure prevents parties from litigating twice on the same legal issue. The principle that a final judgment of a competent court is conclusive upon the parties in any subsequent litigation involving the same cause of action is known as ‘res judicata ’.

A Dutch court case is described below illustrating this principle: Utrecht District Court of 19 March 2009 (NJF 2009/291).

In initial litigation, the claimant had sought payment …
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02
Mar 2016
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BRIBERY

A criminal act

With regard to anti-corruption the Criminal Codes of Aruba, Curaçao, St. Maarten and the BES-islands include criminal acts such as fraud, bribery and abuse of authorities. The bribery offence closely resembles the bribery provisions under the Dutch Criminal Code. The Codes also stipulate regulations on criminal acts committed by judges, ministers, members of Parliament and civil servants. Amendments were introduced to the Criminal Code specifically to implement the Anti-Bribery Convention. The bribery offences in the Criminal Codes mirror very closely those in the Dutch Criminal Code.

The relevant anti-bribery provisions are integrated in the Dutch Caribbean Criminal …
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25
Feb 2016
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Legal

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TRADE-BASED MONEY LAUNDERING

More Trade Transparency Units Needed

Smuggling and trade fraud are on the rise, according to Viêt Nam News (27 October 2015). The Telegraph reports that the authorities in China have arrested 21 people on suspicion of defrauding almost one million Chinese investors of 50bn yuan (£5.3 billion) after an online peer-to-peer lender turned out to be a giant Ponzi scheme (1 February 2016). Money laundering and fraud seem to be on the increase. Trade-Based Money Laundering (TBML) is one of the big threats facing us today.

According to Premium Times (21 December 2015; Read the rest »

02
Feb 2016
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Legal

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CONSOLIDATED BANKRUPTCY

Creditors, stay alert!

Aruba, Curaçao, St. Maarten and the BES-islands (Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba) will together be referred to as the Dutch Caribbean, although each has its own set of laws.

Bankruptcy in general serves the purpose of liquidating assets of a particular person or legal entity and distributing the proceeds among the combined creditors. Sometimes, several companies belonging to one and the same group of companies go bankrupt. In principle, the trustee in bankruptcy has to administer and liquidate the assets of each of the bankrupt estates individually.

When multiple companies of the same group go bankrupt, it …
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01
Feb 2016
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Legal

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INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION IN THE DUTCH CARIBBEAN

The UNCITRAL Model Law is applicable

Parties with a legal dispute can turn to the public court system to settle the dispute; however, instead of bringing a lawsuit in a public court, they can also opt for arbitration. Arbitration is a form of private dispute settlement in which the parties instruct one or more persons (arbitrators) to render a binding decision on their dispute. The arbitrators may be jurists, but they can also be laypersons. People with specific expertise or experience in a certain branch or industry are often chosen as arbitrator.

Parties can include a so-called arbitration clause in …
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06
Jan 2016
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THE GOOD, THE BAD AND THE BOSS

Three different personas during testimony

There are matters to consider before you enter a courtroom as plaintiff, defendant or witness: for instance, what you say, your body language, how you present yourself and what you wear. The judge will be watching you. You don’t believe me? Read for yourself!

The judge about the defendant:

Murdock tried out three different personas during his testimony. During his deposition, he showed the true force of his domineering personality. During the first day of trial, Murdock tried to appear more reasonable and conciliatory on direct, but on cross-examination, he could not resist being combative. He denied …
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15
Dec 2015
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Legal

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KAREL FRIELINK FULL MEMBER OF STEP

Trust and Estate Practitioner

The Society of Trust and Estate Practitioners (STEP) was founded in 1991 by George Tasker as a hub for local forums of practitioners. STEP is the international professional body for those who work in the trust industry and the (often overlapping) field of estate administration. Its members are mainly solicitors, barristers, attorneys, accountants, trust officers and trust administrators as well as banking and insurance professionals in the trust field.

The main focus of the organization is to administer the examination process to ensure the quality of the membership, to provide educational and networking opportunities …
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10
Dec 2015
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Legal

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VEROORDELING VERZWEGEN BIJ SOLLICITATIE

Aangenomen maar alsnog ontslagen

Als je solliciteert hoef je niet alles aan je potentiële werkgever te vertellen. Er zijn bovendien onderwerpen waarnaar een werkgever niet eens mag vragen, zoals seksuele geaardheid en of je zwanger bent.

Maar als je strafrechtelijk bent veroordeeld voor valsheid in geschrifte kan dat anders liggen. Dat ondervond X, die solliciteerde voor een belangrijke functie bij een overheidsstichting, maar verzweeg dat hij in hoger beroep was veroordeeld wegens valsheid in geschrifte en zich schuldig had gemaakt aan fraude met gemeenschapsgelden, en dat zijn strafzaak nog in cassatie aanhangig was.

X was door de overheidsstichting aangenomen, en …
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13
Nov 2015
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Legal

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