BEROEPSAANSPRAKELIJKHEID ADVOCAAT

Oordeel Hoge Raad

Op 18 september 2015 wees de Hoge Raad arrest in een zaak waarin een advocaat, wiens BV maat in een maatschap van advocaten is (partner), en een advocaat in dienstbetrekking door een (voormalige) cliënt van de maatschap aansprakelijk waren gesteld vanwege een beroepsfout (ECLI:NL:HR:2015:2745).

De (inmiddels voormalige) cliënt (eiser) had een opdracht verstrekt aan de maatschap van advocaten, en in dat verband ook een opdrachtbevestiging getekend. De aansprakelijk gestelde advocaten, de verweerders (een advocaat die via een eigen BV maat in de maatschap is en een advocaat in dienstbetrekking), hebben de werkzaamheden verricht. En zij zijn aansprakelijk gesteld vanwege een …
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20
Oct 2015
CATEGORY

Legal

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HET STAATSRECHT VAN SINT MAARTEN

Staatsrechtelijk is het simpel en moeilijk tegelijk

Op de Naar mijn mening-pagina is vandaag een stukje geplaatst naar aanleiding van de recente (staatsrechtelijke) ontwikkelingen in Sint Maarten.

Karel Frielink

(14 oktober 2015)

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Ps (16 October 2015)

The second Vice President of Parliament Hon. Cornelius de Weever, on Thursday, 15th October, has sent a letter to the Members of Parliament (MPs) requesting additional information with respect to a convocation for an urgent meeting of the House of Parliament.

The letter reads as follows:

I have taken note of your Convocation for an urgent meeting of Parliament …
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14
Oct 2015
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THE DIFFICULTY OF ENFORCING JUDGMENTS

Michael Redman on the challenges of enforcing judgments

Michael Redman of Burford Capital has written an interesting article on the challenges of enforcing judgments, which was published in the October 2015 issue of Litigation Funding (click here).

As far as the Dutch Caribbean (Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, St. Maarten, St. Eustatius and Saba) is concerned, the enforcement of a judgment rendered by for instance an English court will be subject to the provisions of the Convention between the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland regarding Mutual Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments in …
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13
Oct 2015
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ATTACHMENTS UNDER THE LAWS OF CURACAO (part II)

Defendant has to show that the claim is invalid

Article 705, Paragraph 2 of the Curaçao Code of Civil Procedure states that the lifting of an attachment may be ordered if it appears summarily that the claim is invalid.

According to existing case law of the Dutch Supreme Court (see for instance Supreme Court dd June 14, 1996, NJ (Dutch Law Reports) 1997, 481), this means that the plaintiff (i.e. the party requesting the attachment be lifted in summary proceedings), with due regard for the limitations of summary proceedings, should establish a prima facie case (aannemelijk maken) that the alleged …
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07
Oct 2015
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ATTACHMENTS UNDER THE LAWS OF CURACAO (part I)

Freezing assets is rather easy

Under Curaçao law any party with a prima facie claim may file a petition for a court order granting an attachment, which petitions are generally granted, solely based on the allegations in the petition. It is not required, under Curaçao law, that the litigant needs to demonstrate that, in absence of an attachment, there is a risk that the defendant would have insufficient assets to pay a judgment, as a threat of evading a judgment (by moving assets etc.) does exist.

Only with respect to some types of assets, such as registered shares and other …
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29
Sep 2015
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OPPORTUNITIES TO MEET ME

Amsterdam, The Hague & Vienna

I am going to attend the following conferences:

  • Consular Conference – The Hague, 22 September 2015
  • InterExpo / 20th Trade Mission – Amstel Hotel Amsterdam, 23 – 25 September 2015
  • International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), FraudNet Conference – Vienna, Austria, 1 – 3 October 2015
  • IBA (International Bar Association) International Conference – Vienna, Austria, 4 – 7 October 2015
  • I hope to meet many colleagues and others from all over the world.

    Karel Frielink (Attorney/Lawyer, Partner)

    (17 September 2015)

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    17
    Sep 2015
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    FRAUD (part II)

    Legal forms of fraud

    The person who forges a diploma, agreement or identity document is guilty of a criminal offence. Although the concept of ‘fraud’ is only mentioned in relation to human trade in the Criminal Code of Curaçao, there are various offences which can have a relationship with fraud in the sense meant herein: forgery, embezzlement, swindle, (fraudulent) bankruptcy and bribery.

    In civil-law relationships the doctrines such as breach of contract, wrongful act, misleading advertisement, error and deception come to mind. In addition, there are lots of other Acts with special provisions such as tax law. I will pass …
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    12
    Sep 2015
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    FRAUD (part I)

    Curaçao

    Fraud is an everyday occurrence. It is of all times, and a phenomenon that happens in every country. In discussions about fraud (and corruption) in Curaçao you regularly see that people refer to other countries, in particular to the Netherlands, to downplay this phenomenon here somewhat. The small number of criminal prosecutions and convictions are often mentioned. In this connection it is often said that they are of ‘a political nature’. Sometimes it is even alleged that someone’s integrity can only be discussed when there is a criminal conviction. We can delude ourselves a lot!

    In the event of …
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    08
    Sep 2015
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    FRAUDNET – THE POWER OF ONE GLOBAL NETWORK

    FraudNet in action

    According to The Irish Times, lawyer Antenor Pereira Madruga Filho (a member of FraudNet) is hired by the Irish Government to represent it in a high-profile case involving a lawyer who fled Ireland in 2007 with debts of €80m. The lawyer was arrested in Brazil almost two years ago and has been held since in a prison (click here for the newspaper article). FraudNet Members are regularly in the news and you can read about some of them here.

    FraudNet is a worldwide network of lawyers specialized in asset tracing and …
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    25
    Aug 2015
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    PRE-TRIAL MOTIONS IN CURACAO

    Differences with the United States

    Curaçao civil proceedings differ substantially from those in the United States. In Curaçao there are, for instance, no juries. In principle, legal proceedings are basically conducted in writing. Oral pleadings are customary in preliminary relief proceedings, but optional in proceedings on the merits. Discovery proceedings like those in the United States do not exist. Pre-trial motions similar to those in the United States do not exist in Curaçao either. There are, however, so-called incidents or ancillary proceedings in Curaçao.

    An ancillary proceeding may be a separate procedural step or an ancillary step within the framework …
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    18
    Aug 2015
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    BZSE ADVOCATEN CURACAO

    Ondernemingsrecht en financieel recht

    BZSE Advocaten en Belastingadviseurs heeft vestigingen in St. Maarten en Curaçao. Het werkterrein van het kantoor omvat echter ook Aruba, Bonaire, St. Eustatius en Saba.

    In het kantoor te St. Maarten werken vijf partners en in het kantoor Curaçao twee. De Curaçaose partners zijn Karel Frielink en Jaap Maris. Karel is ruim 25 jaar advocaat; Jaap zo’n 10 jaar, maar hij heeft daarnaast 5 jaar ervaring als senior legal counsel bij een grote bank-verzekeraar.

    De belangrijkste rechtsgebieden waarop de partners in Curaçao werkzaam zijn: ondernemingsrecht, handelsrecht en financieel recht. De nadruk ligt op adviseren en (her)structureren, …
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    05
    Aug 2015
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    THE CONCEPT OF LIABILITY IN THE DUTCH CARIBBEAN

    A three-part distinction

    With regard to liability a three-part distinction can be made. The first distinction relates to the basis of the liability: liability pursuant to a contractual relationship (the attributable failure in this respect) and liability pursuant to a wrongful act.

    Another distinction relates to the personal liability (thus for the party’s own actions or omissions) and vicarious and/or strict liability: liability for or the acts and omissions of others (vicarious liability) or liability for certain things that happen (strict liability).

    For example, employers can be held vicariously liable for certain actions of their employees. According to the Civil …
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    03
    Aug 2015
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