CONSOLIDATED BANKRUPTCY

Creditors, stay alert!

Aruba, Curaçao, St. Maarten and the BES-islands (Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba) will together be referred to as the Dutch Caribbean, although each has its own set of laws.

Bankruptcy in general serves the purpose of liquidating assets of a particular person or legal entity and distributing the proceeds among the combined creditors. Sometimes, several companies belonging to one and the same group of companies go bankrupt. In principle, the trustee in bankruptcy has to administer and liquidate the assets of each of the bankrupt estates individually.

When multiple companies of the same group go bankrupt, it …
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01
Feb 2016
CATEGORY

Legal

COMMENTS No Comments

QUASI-BESTUURDER OF GEWOON DE BAAS?

Dat hangt af van de feiten

Gaat een rechtspersoon (denk aan een NV of BV) failliet dan is elke (statutaire) bestuurder hoofdelijk aansprakelijk voor het tekort van de failliete boedel, indien er sprake is geweest van kennelijk onbehoorlijk bestuur en aannemelijk is dat dit een belangrijke oorzaak is van het faillissement.

De wet bepaalt dat met een bestuurder wordt gelijkgesteld degene die (gedurende het relevante tijdvak) het beleid van de rechtspersoon heeft bepaald of mede heeft bepaald, als ware hij bestuurder. Er wordt ook wel over quasi-bestuurder gesproken. Denk bijvoorbeeld aan degene die door het geven van instructies, bevoegd of …
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11
Mar 2015
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

KAREL FRIELINK WILL JOIN FORCES WITH BZSE ATTORNEYS AT LAW

BZSE Curaçao office will be opened January 1, 2015

Well-seasoned corporate and finance attorney Karel Frielink is joining BZSE Attorneys at Law and Tax Lawyers of St. Maarten and will set up and manage a Curaçao office of the firm. The office will open on January 1, 2015, and Frielink will serve as its managing partner.

“We are extremely excited to be opening a Curaçao office and to have Karel joining the firm, ” said Roeland Zwanikken, managing partner of BZSE in St. Maarten. “Karel is a great attorney, lauded for his technical knowledge and experience of the local (Aruba, …
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02
Nov 2014
CATEGORY

Legal

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NEW CORPORATE CODE SINT MAARTEN

Various matters not yet discussed here

As per April 1, 2014 the amended Corporate Code (Book 2 Civil Code) of St. Maarten entered into force. The prohibition of appointing Supervisory Directors besides a ‘one-tier Board’ has been deleted (Article 2:19 paragraph 1 Corporate Code). Supervisory Directors being a legal entity are allowed to a limited extent (Article 2:19 paragraph 3 Corporate Code).

For the NV and the BV the law determines who has the right to attend meetings (Article 2:129/229 Corporate Code). Unfortunately, in this connection no attention is given to the holders of depositary receipts for shares. In the …
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31
May 2014
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

LEZING NIEUW VENNOOTSCHAPSRECHT SINT MAARTEN

Nieuw Boek 2 BW en nieuw personenvennootschapsrecht

Op verzoek van de Orde van Advocaten te Sint Maarten heb ik op 21 mei 2014 in de Flamboyantzaal van het Courthouse te Sint Maarten een lezing gegeven voor de rechterlijke macht en de advocatuur. De lezing ging over enkele van de wetswijzigingen die in Sint Maarten op 1 april 2014 van kracht zijn geworden.

Er is een herzien Boek 2 Burgerlijk Wetboek (Rechtspersonen) ingevoerd en een nieuwe regeling inzake de personenvennootschappen. Mijn verhaal is hier te lezen.

Karel Frielink (advocaat)

(30 mei 2014)

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30
May 2014
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

AMENDED SINT MAARTEN LEGISLATION ON CONFLICTING INTEREST

The new law gives shareholders more freedom

As per April 1, 2014 the amended Corporate Code (Book 2 Civil Code) of St. Maarten entered into force. Among other things, the provisions with regard to conflicting interest have been thoroughly reviewed and strongly curtailed.

The basic rule provides that the authority with regard to legal acts in connection with lawsuits against a Managing Director rests with the Supervisory Board. If the company has no Supervisory Board, this authority rests with the general meeting or a person or body to be appointed by the general meeting for that case. With regard to …
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27
May 2014
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

REVISED SINT MAARTEN LEGISLATION ON DIRECTORS’ LIABILITY IN BANKRUPTCY

Improper bookkeeping may result in liability

As per April 1, 2014 the amended Corporate Code (Book 2 Civil Code) of St. Maarten entered into force. Among other things, the provisions with regard to Managing Director’s liability have been improved.

In the event of the bankruptcy of the legal entity each Managing Director is jointly and severally liable to the estate for the deficit being the amount of the debts insofar as they cannot be settled by liquidation of the other assets if apparent improper management had been involved and it is plausible that this is a major cause of the …
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24
May 2014
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

NEW SINT MAARTEN LEGISLATION ON CORPORATE REPRESENTATION

Restrictions in managing authority work through into the representative authority

As per April 1, 2014 the amended Corporate Code (Book 2 Civil Code) of St. Maarten entered into force.

Restrictions of the managing authority can arise from a by-law or a corporate agreement. Individual Managing Directors exercise their powers with due observance of the resolutions of the Management Board (Article 2:8 paragraph 2 Corporate Code). Subject to restrictions arising from the law or the Articles of Association, the legal entity is represented by the Management Board. If there are multiple Managing Directors the legal entity is represented by each Managing …
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20
May 2014
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

OUTBOUND MERGER INTRODUCED IN SINT MAARTEN

Outbound mergers now possible

As per April 1, 2014 the amended Corporate Code (Book 2 Civil Code) of St. Maarten entered into force.

The possibility already existed that in connection with a merger, a foreign legal entity as the disappearing legal entity merges with a comparable legal form of the Corporate Code of St. Maarten on the condition that the law governing that foreign legal entity is not incompatible with the merger and the manner in which it is brought about (Article 2:323a BW; ‘inbound ’).

It has now also become possible that a legal entity within the sense of the …
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18
May 2014
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

INQUIRY PROCEDURE INTRODUCED IN SINT MAARTEN

The Joint Court is the forum of choice for corporate disputes

As per April 1, 2014 the amended Corporate Code (Book 2 Civil Code) of St. Maarten entered into force. The new legislation introduces a so-called inquiry procedure for, amongst others, limited liability companies. The corporate inquiry procedure (a.k.a. investigation proceedings) can result in a court ordered investigation into the affairs of a corporation. In Curaçao the revised Corporate Code took effect as of January 1, 2012.

Shareholders of such a corporation (i.e. an NV or BV) may file a petition with the Joint Court of Justice of Aruba, Curacao …
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14
May 2014
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

DE ENE ADVOCAAT IS DE ANDERE NIET

En het ene kantoor is het andere niet…

Je moet werken vanuit je eigen identiteit en overtuiging. Dat kunnen we vandaag lezen in een interview met Mark van Eck van Business Openers in Advocatie.nl. Een kantoor dat werkt vanuit wat dat kantoor uniek maakt, waarin het zich dus onderscheidt van andere kantoren, is meer succesvol. De kern van zijn boodschap is dat je moet werken vanuit je eigen kracht, ofwel: doe waar je goed in bent. En hij bedoelt werken, niet alleen maar praten, en al helemaal niet praten over je concurrenten, laat staan negatief. Volgens Van …
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26
Feb 2014
CATEGORY

Legal

COMMENTS No Comments

GOVERNMENT-OWNED COMPANIES

Opposing views on political influence

Few people would argue that the rules issued by the state (government) must also be correctly and strictly observed by that same state. It cannot be well conceived that, for example, the police and Public Prosecutor’s Office (as instruments of the state) should be allowed to violate the law with impunity.

Though there may be very different opinions about the nature and the role of the state (particularly from a philosophical and jurisprudential viewpoint), here we address the question of how we should consider government-owned companies, and in particular, what level of influence the government …
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17
Feb 2014
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments