APPELLATE PROCEEDINGS IN CURACAO

Full review of the case

Appellate proceedings in Curaçao provide for a full review of the appealed decision: the grounds on which the Joint Court of Appeal can reverse the original judgment are not, as in certain other jurisdictions, limited to procedural matters. It is furthermore permissible to introduce new documentary evidence in the course of appellate proceedings. If the appealed judgment contains a final decision as regards the dispute the Joint Court of Appeal will either confirm the judgment or it will itself render a replacing decision: the case will not be referred back to the Court of First …
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08
Jul 2016
CATEGORY

Legal

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CHAMBERS GLOBAL 2016 LEGAL RANKINGS RELEASED

Karel Frielink ranked Band 1 again

Once again I have been selected as a ranked lawyer in Chambers Global 2016 identifying me as one of the best lawyers in the Dutch Caribbean (click here).

The Chambers Guides have been ranking the best law firms and lawyers since 1990, and now cover 185 jurisdictions throughout the world. Chambers ranks lawyers and law firms on several factors and considerations, all of which are investigated by their large team of more than 140 researchers. Today, Chambers and Partners released the 2016 edition, also covering the Dutch Caribbean.

Individual lawyers are …
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17
Mar 2016
CATEGORY

Legal

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MAKING FUN OF LAWYERS

Makes me smile…

The image that people have of lawyers is usually determined by coincidences. This may be a personal experience with their own lawyer or that of the counterparty. But even more will the image be determined by the relatively small group of lawyers who get publicity.

A. Pitlo (Evolutie in het privaatrecht, [Evolution in private law] Groningen: H.D. Tjeenk Willink 1972, p. 102) speaks with regard to certain lawyers about the ‘half-intellect’ that by intellectualism must succeed in being kept up towards the masses. Publications that are extremely critical of lawyers can date from any time and the first …
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28
Dec 2015
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BZSE – ST. MAARTEN DAY AD

No ship-jumpers!

Have you seen our ad in the newspaper earlier this week?

 

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(13 November 2015)

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13
Nov 2015
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ATTACHMENTS UNDER THE LAWS OF CURACAO (part II)

Defendant has to show that the claim is invalid

Article 705, Paragraph 2 of the Curaçao Code of Civil Procedure states that the lifting of an attachment may be ordered if it appears summarily that the claim is invalid.

According to existing case law of the Dutch Supreme Court (see for instance Supreme Court dd June 14, 1996, NJ (Dutch Law Reports) 1997, 481), this means that the plaintiff (i.e. the party requesting the attachment be lifted in summary proceedings), with due regard for the limitations of summary proceedings, should establish a prima facie case (aannemelijk maken) that the alleged …
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07
Oct 2015
CATEGORY

Legal

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ATTACHMENTS UNDER THE LAWS OF CURACAO (part I)

Freezing assets is rather easy

Under Curaçao law any party with a prima facie claim may file a petition for a court order granting an attachment, which petitions are generally granted, solely based on the allegations in the petition. It is not required, under Curaçao law, that the litigant needs to demonstrate that, in absence of an attachment, there is a risk that the defendant would have insufficient assets to pay a judgment, as a threat of evading a judgment (by moving assets etc.) does exist.

Only with respect to some types of assets, such as registered shares and other …
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29
Sep 2015
CATEGORY

Legal

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RESTRUCTURING, REFINANCING AND CREDITOR PROTECTION

Diligence is required

Especially in these times of global economic and financial turmoil, an international group of companies (or part thereof) might want to consider restructuring and refinancing its operations or may be already in the process of doing so. When considering or carrying out such plans, careful thought must be given to potential (legal) risks involved. For instance, in many jurisdictions specific statutory provisions exist regarding fraudulent preference actions, i.e. actions that prejudice (specific) creditors. Such provisions often also apply in full with respect to (individual companies belonging to) a group of companies, and should not be overlooked in …
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22
Sep 2015
CATEGORY

Finance

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NO DERIVATIVE ACTION IN CURACAO

A claim based on tort is possible though

Curaçao corporate law does not provide for any derivative suit mechanism (and neither do the laws of Aruba, St. Maarten and the BES-islands). This matter was first decided in the cases of Poot v. ABP, Hoge Raad (Dutch Supreme Court) 2 December 1994, NJ 1995, 288, and Constance et al. v. Noro et al., Gemeenschappelijk Hof van Justitie van de Nederlandse Antillen en Aruba (Joint Court of Appeal of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba) 13 December 1994, SJD 1994, 498.

However, a shareholder suffering derivative damage may commence proceedings against, for instance, …
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02
Sep 2015
CATEGORY

Corporate

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FRAUDNET – THE POWER OF ONE GLOBAL NETWORK

FraudNet in action

According to The Irish Times, lawyer Antenor Pereira Madruga Filho (a member of FraudNet) is hired by the Irish Government to represent it in a high-profile case involving a lawyer who fled Ireland in 2007 with debts of €80m. The lawyer was arrested in Brazil almost two years ago and has been held since in a prison (click here for the newspaper article). FraudNet Members are regularly in the news and you can read about some of them here.

FraudNet is a worldwide network of lawyers specialized in asset tracing and …
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25
Aug 2015
CATEGORY

Legal

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DUTIES OF A MANAGING DIRECTOR OF A DUTCH CARIBBEAN NV OR BV

Acting in the best interests of the company

Although not explicitly provided for in Book 2 of the Civil Codes of Curacao, St. Maarten and the BES-islands (Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba) (“CC”), it is considered a general rule of corporate law that the management board (a.k.a. board of directors) must act in the best interests of the company (an NV or BV) in the performance of its duties, even when acting on instructions from others (e.g. shareholders). This includes the interests of the shareholders, the employees and, according to most legal writers, the creditors of the company.

The management …
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10
Aug 2015
CATEGORY

Corporate

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THE CONCEPT OF LIABILITY IN THE DUTCH CARIBBEAN

A three-part distinction

With regard to liability a three-part distinction can be made. The first distinction relates to the basis of the liability: liability pursuant to a contractual relationship (the attributable failure in this respect) and liability pursuant to a wrongful act.

Another distinction relates to the personal liability (thus for the party’s own actions or omissions) and vicarious and/or strict liability: liability for or the acts and omissions of others (vicarious liability) or liability for certain things that happen (strict liability).

For example, employers can be held vicariously liable for certain actions of their employees. According to the Civil …
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03
Aug 2015
CATEGORY

Legal

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BZSE ATTORNEYS – STRAIGHTFORWARD

The Curaçao partners of BZSE

Law is a people’s issue. Clients prefer people to buildings. They are seeking assistance from an expert they can trust. An expert who is able to really listen and who actually adds value to their case.

Quality, continuity and stability are the foundations of the personalized approach by BZSE. In both the civil law as well as in the tax practice, the attorneys and tax lawyers have many years of outstanding service in the Dutch Caribbean.

As of its incorporation, BZSE Attorneys at Law and Tax Advisers has been active throughout the Dutch Caribbean: Aruba, …
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15
Jul 2015
CATEGORY

Legal

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