SUPERVISION OF BROKERS AND ASSET MANAGERS IN CURACAO

New Ordinance will enter into force in 2017

In the course of 2017, the Curaçao ‘Landsverordening toezicht effectenbemiddelaars en vermogensbeheerders’ (National Ordinance on the supervision of securities brokers and asset managers) will come into force.

The primary aim of the new Ordinance is to introduce a supervisory regime for brokers in the securities business and for managers of assets, in order to raise the operation of the capital markets and other financial markets in Curaçao to the next level, as well as to further protect the position of existing and potential investors in these markets against risks. This objective is …
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10
May 2017
CATEGORY

Finance

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SUPERVISION OF SECURITIES TRANSACTIONS IN ARUBA

New Ordinance entered into force on 1 January 2017

The Aruba National Ordinance on the Supervision of Securities Transactions (Landsverordening toezicht effectenverkeer; NOSST) entered into force on January the 1st, 2017. With this National Ordinance, a licensing obligation is introduced for stockbrokers, asset managers, investment institutions, managers of investment funds, and operators of a stock exchange, and ongoing supervision on the same.

The Central Bank of Aruba decides on any market access of stockbrokers, asset managers, investment institutions, managers of investment funds, custodians and (operators of) stock exchanges, and supervises them (Section 3 NOSST).

It is forbidden to operate in …
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21
Apr 2017
CATEGORY

Finance

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BANKING SUPERVISION IN CURACAO AND SINT MAARTEN

Prudential rules and requirements

The Central Bank of Curacao and St. Maarten is responsible for the care of the financial system’s health, effected through on and off site inspections of the banking and other financial institutions authorized to operate in Curacao and St. Maarten.

The National ordinance on the supervision of banks and credit institutions provides for requirements with regard to the prudential supervision in general. Such prudential supervision sees to the liquidity and solvency position of a bank.

The legislation provides for reporting requirements that need to be submitted to the Central Bank of Curacao and St. Maarten. On …
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23
Apr 2012
CATEGORY

Legal

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INSURANCE BUSINESS IN ARUBA (II)

Different insurance contracts

According to the SOSIB a “life insurance agreement” is an insurance contract concerning the payment of cash benefits related to the life or death of man, and a “general insurance contract” is an insurance contract, other than a life insurance contract.

Generally, an insurance contract is understood to be an agreement whereby an insurer commits itself to the insured, against receipt of a premium, to compensate the latter for a loss, damage or loss of expected advantage which the insured could suffer as a result of an uncertain event.

There is no existing case-law or regulatory directive …
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14
Dec 2011
CATEGORY

Legal

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INSURANCE BUSINESS IN ARUBA (I)

The Central Bank of Aruba is the regulator

The Central Bank of Aruba supervises insurers incorporated in Aruba and the branches and agencies in Aruba of insurers incorporated outside Aruba based on the State Ordinance on the Supervision of the Insurance Business (SOSIB).

The SOSIB, effective since 2001, stipulates that life and non-life insurance business must be carried out by separate legal entities. The Central Bank of Aruba shall decide whether an action or a combination of actions does or does not constitute as being engaged in the life insurance business or the general insurance business, and whether an action …
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05
Dec 2011
CATEGORY

Legal

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THE RHYTHM AND BLUES OF CURACAO CONTRACT LAW

Principle of fairness and reasonableness

When considered in the perspective of the laws of Curacao, the reliance on or the enforcement of contractual terms and conditions contained in any agreement, may under certain circumstances be contrary to the overriding principle of ‘fairness and reasonableness’ (redelijkheid en billijkheid) which governs the relationship between the parties to an agreement. Prof. Tjittes calls this good faith principle the Rhythm & Blues of our legal system.

Civil law systems such as the Dutch, French, German, or our system, explicitly espouse and apply this principle, whereas common law systems (e.g. English common law) do not …
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07
Aug 2011
CATEGORY

Legal

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THE UTOPIAN LAWYER

Dare to dream!

A high degree of civilisation must be expected from the ideal advocate (attorney; lawyer) as well as a high degree of learning and expertise. A practical attitude, language skill and rhetorical ability form part of the standard baggage of the utopian advocate. He is not only feared for his razor-sharp analyses, for breaking through reasoning utterly lacking any logic and for turning the attackers of the rule of law to stone, but both friend as well as foe respect his disposition as well as his expertise.

Quite often the utopian advocate will get the feeling that in …
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13
Apr 2011
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THE LAWYER AS A VIRTUOSO OF LANGUAGE (PART II)

The use of technical concepts has a useful function

Another example is the Directive of the European Commission of 18 February 1985 (85/205/EEC) adapting to technical progress Council Directive 71/127/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the rear-view mirrors of motor vehicles. The term “rear-view mirror” in itself means a device excluding complex optical systems such as periscopes, intended to give a clear view to the rear and side of the vehicle within the fields of vision defined in item 5 of Annex III.

There was at some time a Directive proposal to define …
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06
Apr 2011
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THE LAWYER AS A VIRTUOSO OF LANGUAGE (PART I)

The use of technical concepts has a useful function

Language is the instrument par excellence of the advocate (attorney; lawyer). He uses language to lay down agreements, to provide legal advices, to formulate Court documents, to send demand letters, to make his plea or to conduct talks with clients or counterparties, to send invoices, in short: to practice his profession. For many people what advocates write down is difficult to fathom. One of the reasons for this is because legislation and regulations are formulated rather formally and in an indirect form while using a lot of abstract concepts. Here are only …
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30
Mar 2011
COMMENTS No Comments

THE LAWYER AS ORATOR

A sensitive subject

The advocate (attorney; lawyer) as orator is a sensitive subject. Many clients will have listened with curled toes or alternatively with a deep feeling of embarrassment to their own advocate or (if they are lucky) to that of their counterparty at the moment suprême when the so-carefully prepared written summary of the argument is read out dryly and stumbling over the words or at least in a scarcely inspiring manner. And the one who has bad luck will be faced with a ‘read-out advocate‘ who sometimes does even thirty or more pages. And all this whereas the first Roman …
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23
Mar 2011
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ON THE IMAGE OF LAWYERS

Bloodsuckers and hypocrites?

Lawyers (attorneys) are often exposed to strong criticism, both here and elsewhere. The late famous Dutch professor A. Pitlo (Evolutie in het privaatrecht, [Evolution in private law] Groningen: H.D. Tjeenk Willink 1972, p. 102) speaks with regard to certain advocates (lawyers) about the ‘half-intellect’ that by intellectualism must succeed in being kept up towards the masses.

Publications that are extremely critical of advocates can date from any time and the first ones already from before ancient Rome. In this connection François Rabelais (1494-1553) should also be mentioned and (more or less in his footsteps) Honoré Daumier (1808-1879). …
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16
Mar 2011
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THE LAWYER AS CRAFTSMAN

Tradition and resourcefulness

You could hear these statements just about anywhere: “The study of law is a dull study. You have to read a lot of books and especially learn a lot by heart. But luckily it is not a difficult study. It is more or less the easiest study to graduate in.” Is all this true? It depends and it depends particularly on yourself. For ‘marginalists’ and notorious ‘superficial thinkers’ all this is more or less at a premium. But it is questionable whether these are the people who have the right qualities to practice the craftsmanlike profession of …
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09
Mar 2011
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