ATTACHMENTS UNDER THE LAWS OF CURACAO (part II)

Defendant has to show that the claim is invalid

Article 705, Paragraph 2 of the Curaçao Code of Civil Procedure states that the lifting of an attachment may be ordered if it appears summarily that the claim is invalid.

According to existing case law of the Dutch Supreme Court (see for instance Supreme Court dd June 14, 1996, NJ (Dutch Law Reports) 1997, 481), this means that the plaintiff (i.e. the party requesting the attachment be lifted in summary proceedings), with due regard for the limitations of summary proceedings, should establish a prima facie case (aannemelijk maken) that the alleged …
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07
Oct 2015
CATEGORY

Legal

COMMENTS No Comments

LIABILITY OF THE SILENT PARTNER

The Supreme Court can give its opinion

I will first describe Dutch law in this respect. A limited partnership (commanditaire vennootschap: ‘CV’) is a contractual, legal relationship between two or more persons or legal entities to carry on a business under a joint name, whereby the aim is to gain proprietary benefits on the basis of their contributions. The CV (with multiple managing partners) is therefore a special form of the general partnership (vennootschap onder firma: ‘VOF’). This special status consists of the business operations also being carried on at the expense of one or more silent partners (limited partners), …
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24
Apr 2015
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

SUPREME COURT U-TURN

The bankruptcy of a general partnership (‘VOF’) does not automatically mean the bankruptcy of its partners

For many decades the rule had to be adhered to that the bankruptcy of a general partnership (vennootschap onder firma: ‘VOF’) also meant the bankruptcy of the individual partners (Supreme Court 14 April 1927, NJ 1927, page 725).

However, in a ruling of 6 February 2015 the Supreme Court made a U-turn and held that there is no (or no longer) any justification for this connection (ECLI:NL:HR:2015:251). The Supreme Court has justified its new position as follows:

3.4.1 A VOF has no corporate personality. …
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16
Apr 2015
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

LIABILITY OF A NEW PARTNER

Supreme Court creates clarity

The National Ordinance on Partnerships (Landsverordening personenvennootschappen) of Curacao (1 January 2012) and St. Maarten (1 April 2014) mentions two main variants of the partnership: the public partnership and the silent partnership. The public partnership is a partnership (i) for carrying on a profession or business or performing professional or business acts, which (ii) partnership acts externally in a way which is clearly recognizable by third parties (iii) under a name it uses as such (Section 7:801 subsection 1 of the Civil Code).

The partners of a public partnership are jointly and severally liable for the …
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04
Apr 2015
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

KAREL FRIELINK NEW FRAUDNET MEMBER

Global network that can help victims

 

Karel Frielink has been appointed member of FraudNet for all six islands of the Dutch Antilles. FraudNet is a worldwide network of lawyers specialized in asset tracing and recovery. Set up in 2004 by the anti-crime arm of the International Chamber of Commerce, FraudNet currently numbers 70 members present in 62 countries, providing victims of fraud with the possibility of retaining the best asset recovery professionals in the targeted jurisdictions.

Following strict criteria set by its member-elected Standards and …
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17
Feb 2015
CATEGORY

Legal

COMMENTS No Comments

ADVOCATEN EN BELANGENVERSTRENGELING

Een advocaat moet onafhankelijk zijn

Van een advocaat wordt verwacht dat hij onafhankelijk is. Bij die onafhankelijkheid gaat het om een houding: de instelling van de advocaat tegenover zijn cliënt, maar ook tegenover het gerecht en in feite tegenover elke andere betrokken partij. Hij behoort de belangen van zijn cliënt te behartigen en zich niet door zijn eigenbelang te laten leiden. Hij mag evenmin de belangen behartigen van anderen als die in strijd zijn met het belang van zijn cliënt.

In de Gedragsregels voor Advocaten wordt dit uitgangspunt als volgt omschreven: “De advocaat mag zich niet met de behartiging van …
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14
Feb 2015
COMMENTS No Comments

ICC FRAUDNET

The leading specialist international network of fraud and asset recovery lawyers

Organized and operating under the auspices of the Commercial Crime Services of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), FraudNet is a 24/7 international rapid deployment force that pries open the vault of bank secrecy and helps victims locate and recover their stolen assets with the same cyber powered speed, stealth, reach and proficiency as the most sophisticated global fraud network.

Fraudsters meet their match in FraudNet’s experienced team of civil asset recovery lawyers, investigators and forensic accountants, who creatively wield their own sophisticated legal and investigative tools to trace …
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13
Feb 2015
CATEGORY

Legal

COMMENTS No Comments

OFFERING SECURITIES FROM CURACAO AND ST. MAARTEN

About the obligation to publish a prospectus

The legal regulations in connection with the law providing for financial supervision are materially identical in Curaçao and Sint Maarten. For convenience sake we will mainly refer to Curaçao below.

The search for a prospectus requirement in the law on supervision will be in vain. The National Ordinance on the Supervision of Investment Institutions and Administrators (Landsverordening toezicht beleggingsinstellingen en administrateurs: ‘Ltba’) prohibits everybody in Section 3 subsection 1 from asking or obtaining in or from Curaçao funds or other assets in order to participate in an investment institution – which has not …
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11
Feb 2015
CATEGORY

Finance

COMMENTS No Comments

STATUTORY FRAMEWORK FOR PROSPECTUS LIABILITY (II)

The Netherlands, Curaçao, St. Maarten and the BES-islands compared

The Netherlands

In the Netherlands there is a two-track law concerning prospectus liability as professor L. Timmerman calls it. There are two sets of rules supplementing the general doctrine of the wrongful act (Section 6:162 of the Dutch Civil Code (‘BW-NL‘):

  • the rules with regard to misleading and comparative advertising (Sections 6:194 – 6:196 BW-NL) and
  • the rules with regard to unfair commercial practices (wet oneerlijke handelspraktijken) (Sections 6:193a – 6:193j BW-NL)
  • 1. Misleading and comparative advertising (B2B)

    Section 6:194 subsection 1 BW-NL:

    “A person who with regard to goods or …
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    30
    Mar 2014
    CATEGORY

    Finance

    COMMENTS No Comments

    STATUTORY FRAMEWORK FOR PROSPECTUS LIABILITY (I)

    The Netherlands, Curaçao, St. Maarten and the BES-islands compared

    That a prospectus must be approved (in the Netherlands and the BES Islands by the Authority for the Financial Markets, and in Curaçao and Sint Maarten by the Joint Central Bank of these countries) does not guarantee that the prospectus is not misleading. Therefore approval by the regulator does not entail a guarantee. The approval can be considered as an administrative approval contributing to better quality and more uniformity of the prospectuses.

    A prospectus is an offer or an invitation to make an offer directed to the general public or to …
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    26
    Mar 2014
    CATEGORY

    Finance

    COMMENTS No Comments

    WHEN IS A PROSPECTUS REQUIRED?

    The Netherlands, Curaçao, St. Maarten and the BES-islands compared

    The Netherlands

    The legal system in the Netherlands has a European origin. We will not discuss this further here.* Chapter 5.1 of the Dutch Financial Supervision Act (Wet op het financieel toezicht: ‘Wft’) includes the rules for offering securities.

    Section 5:2 Wft stipulates:

    “It is forbidden in the Netherlands to offer securities to the general public or to allow securities to be traded in a regulated market situated or operating in the Netherlands unless – with regard to the offering or the admission – a prospectus is generally available which has …
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    23
    Mar 2014
    CATEGORY

    Finance

    COMMENTS No Comments

    PROSPECTUS LIABILITY AND PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW

    The Netherlands, Curaçao, St. Maarten and the BES-islands

    The Netherlands

    Since 11 January 2009 Rome II* has been applicable in the Netherlands with regard to the applicable law on non-contractual obligations. Rome II is not applicable in Curaçao, St. Maarten, Aruba and the BES Islands. This observation obviously does not exclude a certain reflex effect.

    Rome II applies to events causing loss occurring after 11 January 2009 (Section 31 Rome II). Non-contractual obligations, insofar as they are relevant here, involve obligations arising from (legal) obligations to pay compensation pursuant to a wrongful act (tort).

    In my opinion prospectus …
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    20
    Mar 2014
    CATEGORY

    Finance

    COMMENTS No Comments