BESTUURDERSAANSPRAKELIJKHEID OP DE BES-EILANDEN

Niet iedere fout leidt tot aansprakelijkheid

Wat het leerstuk bestuurdersaansprakelijkheid op de BES-eilanden (Bonaire, St. Eustatius en Saba) betreft gaat het om de persoonlijke aansprakelijkheid van de bestuurder voor zijn doen en/of laten in zijn hoedanigheid van bestuurder. Voor de commissaris geldt mutatis mutandis hetzelfde. Er kunnen drie situaties worden onderscheiden:

o Intern: aansprakelijkheid jegens de rechtspersoon

o Extern: aansprakelijkheid uit onrechtmatige daad jegens derden

o Extern: aansprakelijkheid jegens de boedel (faillissement)

De interne aansprakelijkheid is op de BES-eilanden geregeld in art. 2:14 BW-BES. De aansprakelijkheid jegens de boedel in art. 2:16 BW-BES en de aansprakelijkheid uit onrechtmatige daad in art. 6:162 BW-BES. …
Read the rest »

11
Jan 2017
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

BESTUURDERSAANSPRAKELIJKHEID

Symposium Sint Maarten 1 december 2015

Het Ministerie van Justitie te Sint Maarten en de Orde van Advocaten te Sint Maarten hebben op 1 december 2015 een symposium over Boek 2 van het Burgerlijk Wetboek van Sint Maarten georganiseerd.

De sprekers waren prof.mr. Peter van Schilfgaarde, prof.mr. Gerard van Solinge, mr. Jeroen Eichhorn en ikzelf. Mijn bijdrage ging over bestuurdersaansprakelijkheid. De tekst van mijn bijdrage is hier te vinden. Wat ik over het recht van St. Maarten te melden heb geldt ook voor Aruba, Curacao en de BES-eilanden.

Karel Frielink

(3 december 2015)

.

 Read the rest »

03
Dec 2015
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

ELECTRONIC AGREEMENTS IN CARACAO AND SINT MAARTEN

The Dutch Caribbean digital signature exists for over 10 years

The Curacao Ordinance on Electronic Agreements a.k.a. the Curacao Ordinance on agreements concluded electronically (Landsverordening overeenkomsten langs elektronische weg) became effective on 1 January 2001. The Ordinance in St. Maarten is similar to the one in Curacao.

The Ordinance provides that an electronic signature shall have the same legal effect as a hand-written signature, and may be admitted as evidence in legal proceedings. An electronic signature is described as electronic data which are attached to or have a logical association with other electronic data and are used as a tool …
Read the rest »

11
Feb 2011
CATEGORY

Legal

COMMENTS No Comments

PROPOSED REVIEW DUTCH CARIBBEAN CORPORATE CODE

Various proposals not yes discussed here

The prohibition of appointing Supervisory Directors besides a ‘one-tier Board’ will be deleted (Article 2:19 paragraph 1 proposed bill). Supervisory Directors being a legal entity are allowed to a limited extent (Article 2:19 paragraph 3 proposed bill).

For the NV and the BV the law determines who has the right to attend meetings (Article 2:129/229 proposed bill). Unfortunately, in this connection no attention is given to the holders of depositary receipts for shares. In the case of concurred depositary receipts (i.e. certificates released with the co-operation of the corporation) I would prefer to grant the holders …
Read the rest »

14
Dec 2010
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

PROPOSED REVIEW DUTCH CARIBBEAN LEGISLATION ON CONFLICTING INTEREST

The proposed bill gives shareholders more freedom

Earlier in 2010, a draft bill was proposed to amend the Corporate Code (Book 2 Civil Code) of Curacao, St. Maarten, Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba (which formerly constituted the Netherlands Antilles). Among other things, the provisions with regard to conflicting interest have been thoroughly reviewed and strongly curtailed.

The basic rule provides that the authority with regard to legal acts in connection with lawsuits against a Managing Director rests with the Supervisory Board. If the company has no Supervisory Board, this authority rests with the general meeting or a person or body …
Read the rest »

06
Dec 2010
CATEGORY

Corporate

COMMENTS No Comments

NON-POSSESSORY PLEDGE UNDER THE LAWS OF ARUBA

A non-possessory pledge requires a deed

Security rights are an important issue, especially in financing transactions. A company may, for example, guarantee the obligations of another company under a certain loan facility. There are several alternatives, one of which will be discussed here.

Under the laws of Aruba there are several kinds of pledges, in particular, the possessory and the non-possessory pledge. In the case of a possessory pledge, the physical control of the assets concerned will be transferred from the owner/borrower to the bank/lender.

In the case of a non-possessory pledge, regarding for example registered shares, the pledge is …
Read the rest »

17
Aug 2010
CATEGORY

Legal

COMMENTS No Comments

FOREIGN CLAIMS SECURED BY ARUBAN SECURITY RIGHTS

The foreign law governed claim must be sufficiently identifiable

Many financing arrangements are of a cross-border nature. For instance, a loan agreement governed by English law with the loan secured by a right of pledge governed by the laws of Aruba. This raises all kinds of questions.

Any foreign right, for instance a claim, in which an Aruban pledge is created, must be sufficiently identifiable (‘met voldoende bepaaldheid omschreven’) within in the meaning of section 3:84(2) of the Civil Code of Aruba.

Also, if one wishes to create a right of pledge in a foreign right, such a right must …
Read the rest »

23
Jan 2010
CATEGORY

Legal

COMMENTS No Comments